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Stuck In Traffic

Report analysing progress, or lack thereof, on Scottish Government Programme for Government commitments on transport made since the 2019 ‘Climate Emergency’ Programme for Government.

Putting Down Routes

The report builds upon the inclusion of ‘Active Freeways’ within the Scottish Government and Scottish Greens’ shared programme for government. It provides a blueprint for developing a strategic network of Active Freeways across Scotland, and draws on UK and European experience to identify how the network can be successfully designed and implemented.

Roads to Ruin

The report finds that despite promises that it will tackle the Climate Emergency, Scottish Ministers intend to nearly double their spending on new roads over the next decade. This is despite transport being the largest source of climate change emissions, and the area where there has been no progress in reducing emissions for 30 years.

Open for Business

Across the world, a growing number of cities are starting to design their centres for people, not cars. This report builds on the experiences of businesses, business organisations and the local authority in Oslo, Norway, which recently completed a transformation of its city centre putting walking, cycling and public transport first. This report sets out how car-free city centres can be designed to better meet the needs and expectations of businesses, and demonstrates how Scottish cities can create sustainable, successful urban centres.

Access to Bike Schemes in Scotland

This report was carried out by our social enterprise consultancy Transform Consulting as a commission for Cycling Scotland. Amongst other things, the research found that there are at least 200 organisations run access to bike schemes in Scotland including pool bike fleets, bike loans for events, public bike hire, cycle to work schemes and bike recycling schemes.

Transport Recovery

This report looks at how confidence can be built in public transport in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic, the need to get messaging right about public transport use, and a more balanced understanding of risk across transport modes. The report concludes by setting out a series of recommendations about the sorts of investments in bus, light rail and rail that will be required in order to secure a Green Recovery compatible with Scotland’s climate change commitments.‘

Connected Recovery

The report calls on the Scottish & UK Government, the Scottish Parliament, organisations across all sectors of the Scottish economy, and public transport operators to take action to support home working and online business meetings — as this can deliver enormous economic and environmental benefits, as well as providing greater opportunities for rural Scotland.

Active Recovery

The report sets out recommendations for locking-in the active travel benefits of the lockdown. One of the biggest revelations during lockdown has been just how much space is given to vehicles in towns and cities. With streets usually dominated by vehicles lying empty, the imbalance of streetspace allocation has been laid bare.

Just Recovery

The report sets out a series of recommendations for the Scottish Government in designing its transport response to coronavirus so that the negative impacts of the lockdown are not “prolonged indefinitely” for the Scottish households whose mobility has been most severely curtailed during the lockdown.

The Tourist Duty

‘Over-tourism’ is now a major global concern, with many cities and visitor attractions around the world struggling to cope with tourist volumes. Nineteen countries across Europe have implemented ‘Transient Visitor Levies’ in order to respond to the pressures imposed upon them, and this idea has now attracted interest in Scotland. In this report, we explore the rationale for introducing a TVL, present case studies of TVL schemes across Europe, set out results of a survey of Edinburgh residents’ views on how TVL revenue should be invested, and make policy recommendations for the Scottish Government and Scottish Local Authorities.

Routes to Growth

Routes to Growth recognises the growing role of leisure cycling in Scotland’s tourism economy. By speaking to businesses and national stakeholders, we found that barriers exist in expanding cycle tourism, such as a lack of safe and convenient cycle paths on key tourist routes, and a need for better connections for cyclists, such as improvements in taking bikes on public transport. We produced a series of recommendations to make Scotland a world leader on cycle tourism.


The Value of Cycling to the Scottish Economy

This report was carried out by our social enterprise consultancy Transform Consulting as a commission for Cycling Scotland. Various studies had attempted to calculate the economic value of cycling in the UK as a whole, but no study existed that focused specifically on the cycle market in Scotland. This information was needed to show how, if the level of cycling increased to meet the Government’s ambitions, there would be significant economic benefits for the Scottish economy. Our research showed that cycling was worth up to £775m to the Scottish economy every year.


A Greener Journey to Growth

Our research highlights the growing success of rail in cutting carbon emissions from the Anglo-Scottish rail market. The report outlines significant carbon savings arising from a growing share of the overall travel market on services from Glasgow and Edinburgh to London. A number of recommendations are put forward to ensure the continued growth of low-carbon, sustainable transport in the UK.

Car-Free Tourism

The ‘Car-Free Tourism’ website provides detailed instructions on accessing the sites without having to jump between a number of travel planning websites. Each page has all the information tourists require to travel to the site without spending time on lots of research. The site also provides advice for tourism operators encouraging them to develop or improve sustainable travel options for visitors.

Warning Signs 2014

This report sets out a comprehensive, yet summarised, picture of the state of sustainable transport in Scotland. It provides an update to assess whether or not Scotland is making progress on sustainable transport.


In our new report Interchange, we set out recommendations that will ease the combination of cycling and other public transport network, while also supporting the creation of more active travel hubs across Scotland.

Doing Their Duty

In our report, Doing Their Duty, we found that action needs to be taken by the Scottish public sector to improve their performance on sustainable transport.

The Value of Cycle Tourism

‘The Value of Cycle Tourism’ reports on the benefits of cycle tourism in Scotland. The report showcases the many positive aspects of promoting cycle tourism, including significant economic benefits – £239 million per year – to the Scottish economy.

On Track for Business: Why Scottish Businesses Should Try the Train

‘On track for business: Why Scottish businesses should try the train’ sets out the economic benefits available to Scottish businesses in switching from air travel to rail travel.  The report challenges Scottish businesses to save money and benefit the environment by using the train for business travel between Edinburgh and London.

Warning Signs

‘Warning Signs’ sets out the challenges faced by the Scottish Government in turning around the situation on transport in Scotland. Amongst other things, the report outlines a set of recommendations on investment requirements that could be tackled by the Scottish Government.

Civilising the Streets

‘Civilising the Street’ report reveals that Scots must look to their European counterparts for sustainable transport solutions. The report, which investigated active travel provision in thirteen European cities comparable in terms of size and geography to Scottish cities, looks at how social, political, geographical and cultural conditions have led to ‘best practice’ and have brought about high rates of walking and cycling.

Towards a Healthier Economy

‘Towards a healthier economy’ sets out multi-pound health benefits of switching to sustainable transport. By making this recommended switch, the Scottish economy could benefit up to £4 billion annually.

Ayr-Stranraer rail regeneration study

We were commissioned by SPT, Swestrans & Transport Focus to set out ways to regenerate the Ayr-Stranraer railway line, deliver economic benefits to Ayrshire and Galloway through increased leisure visitors and tourists, and provide better connectivity for the South-West of Scotland to the Central Belt.

The Railways Mean Business

‘The railways mean business’ report analyses the productivity benefits for business travellers of switching from air to rail for journeys from Glasgow/Edinburgh to London. The existing benefits of rail travel – reliability, better use of the working day, comfort , and low stress-  far outweigh the assumption that shorter travel time equates to greater productivity.